Collective bargaining is based on the principle of industrial democracy, in which the union represents workers in negotiations with the employer or employers. Industrial democracy is the government of labour with the agreement of the governed — the workers. The principle of arbitrary unilateralism has given way to that of self-management in industry. In fact, collective bargaining is not just a signing of a collective agreement that ends seniority, leave and wage increases by getting around the table. When employees of an organization vote in favour of union formation, the collective bargaining process begins. Collective negotiationsThe process of negotiating an agreement between management and workers. is the negotiation process between the company and union representatives. The objective is for management and the union to enter into a contractual agreement that will enter into force for a specified period of time. Once that period has passed, a new treaty will be negotiated. In this section, we will discuss the elements of the collective agreement.
The main objective of the development of the collective bargaining technique is to improve relations between workers and management and thus maintain peace in industries. The technology only developed in India after India`s independence and the increase since then. Collective bargaining therefore includes the negotiation, management, interpretation, application and application of written agreements between employers and unions that represent their employees and have a common understanding of wages, wages, hours of work and other conditions of employment. Collective bargaining prevents the government from resorting to violence because it is possible to reach an amicable agreement between employers and workers on the implementation of the legislation. Labour problems must be minimized by collective bargaining and peace at work must be encouraged in the country without violence. At this point, the unions will try to hold the employer to account and ensure that the agreement is implemented. Do workers, for example, receive the agreed minimum wage? Or did the company build the newly requested canteen on time and at an agreed quality? The immediate objective of workers` representatives is always a kind of monetary policy gains or other benefits that occur when the economy is lively and the employer is solvent. But in this time of recession, as demand for the product and profits declines, it is very difficult for the employer to meet the demands of workers, it could even resort to reductions, or even the closure of collective bargaining, is not a response to such a situation.