Us Repatriation Agreements

The concept of repatriation has often been used by communist governments to describe large-scale state-sponsored ethnic cleansing operations and the movement of national groups. The Poles, born in territories annexed by the Soviet Union, although they were deported to the State of Poland, were settled in the former annexed German regions (designated in Polish as the reclaimed areas). They were told that they had returned to their metropolis. The new local repatriation provisions are undoubtedly a substantial improvement in the return of Mexican migrants to the border. However, significant additional measures need to be taken to protect migrants during this process. 1. LRA provide exceptions to the timetable in which Mexicans may be deported. As a result, some migrants arrive in Mexican cities in the middle of the night. One of the exceptions to the return plan can be made for the “operating pace.” Although the rules are not clarified, we believe that these are situations where a high or increased number of migrants are held in the short-term prisons of the Border Patrol.

Overcrowding in these centres, especially by migrants from other countries, who need more time to be treated, has in the past led to the deportation of the number of Mexicans at all hours, even in the middle of the night. As the LRS is implemented, we hope that the U.S. authorities will continue the trend of last year and that nightly evictions will become the rare exception, not the norm. The return agreements that U.S. officials use the most are those that facilitate deportations to Mexico. These are different from the Canadian-US. Model, not only because of the amount of people treated among them, but also because the largest repatriation program of the United States-Mexico works at the regional level. In 2009, there were 30 local agreements. These formal bilateral agreements between Mexican and U.S. officials exist for border inspection posts along the U.S.-Mexico border.

Everyone uses a slightly different mechanics. The local arrangement for the U.S.-Mexico border at Laredo, for example, stipulates that U.S. officials can take groups of more than 60 recruits across the Jusrez-Lincoln International Bridge, with intervals of at least thirty minutes between each group. In accordance with the local agreement for El Paso, all border ports are open 24 hours a day to treat adult men. Unaccompanied minors face a slightly different flow of treatment; They are repatriated from Monday to Friday at the Mexican consulate by the international bridge or can also be handed over directly to representatives of the Instituto Nacional de MigraciƩn from 4 p.m. to 8 p.m. Women and migrants with disabilities also have a separate treatment stream; U.S. officials can only remove them in broad daylight or bring them back over the international bridge. The rules on the return of Mexicans under the criminal status provisions of immigration legislation also operate differently, with specified schedules and days, as well as reporting obligations. 2. The basic document for the LRAs includes maintaining family unity, which should be a priority in the implementation of any local return regime.

, Sonora in 2014 and 2015, revealed that “two out of three (64.6%) Migrants who entered the United States with immediate family members and were deported to Nogales were separated by the border patrol of at least one of these family members while in detention and deportment. In the 20th century, after all the European wars, several repatriation commissions were set up to monitor the return of war refugees, displaced persons and prisoners of war to their countries of origin. In some countries, return hospitals have been set up to meet the persistent medical and health needs of returning military personnel.

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